This theme focused on the timing of having children and the varying times throughout scientific training and a career when is an optimal time to have a child.


  • Concerns regarding impact on scientific productivity
  • Falling behind productivity or status of peers
  • Loss of training, networking, and career-advancing opportunities
  • Financial considerations
  • Societal expectations of mothers and their return to the workforce


  • Self-reflection
  • Discussions with mentors and mothers